This page provides basic information for small quantity hazardous waste generators and links directly to the appropriate government web pages for the corresponding regulations.
If you generate less than 2200 pounds (1000 kilograms) but more than 220 pounds (100 kilograms) of hazardous waste per calendar month, you are considered a small quantity generator (SQG) for that month.
Generation and Disposal: As a SQG, you are allowed to generate less than 2200 pounds of hazardous waste in any calendar month. All hazardous waste generated by the SQG that is not treated onsite must be manifested to an offsite treatment, storage and disposal facility (TSDF) permitted to handle hazardous waste or to an approved designated facility (e.g., recycling facility). For the regulations about identifying hazardous waste, see 40 CFR 261 [Adobe Acrobat PDF File].
Documentation and Reporting:
Manifests: Hazardous waste that is sent to a TSDF or an approved designated facility must be listed on a Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest. A manifest provides a description of the hazards of the waste and the waste handlers. You must sign and date the manifest and obtain the signature of the transporter on the manifest. You must also keep this copy of the form until you receive a copy signed by the TSDF. Manifests must be kept for at least 3 years from the date of shipment. If your generator status changes, you must notify EPA.
Land Disposal Restriction: Many types of hazardous waste are restricted from being disposed in or on the land due to the probability of groundwater or soil contamination. The manifest for these wastes must be accompanied by a Land Disposal Restriction (LDR) notification. The LDR is a one-time notification form that is signed by you, the generator, and indicates that you understand this waste cannot be land disposed. According to federal regulations, it is the responsibility of the generator to provide the manifest and the LDR. Most hazardous waste disposal contractors will supply one or both of these forms for you.
Exception Report: Once a hazardous waste manifest has been signed and dated by you (the generator), EPA gives the disposal contractor 60 days to transport the waste to the TSDF and return a signed copy of the manifest to you. If, after 60 days, you do not receive the "Return to Generator" copy of the manifest signed by the TSDF, you must send a legible photocopy of the manifest to the EPA Regional Administrator and a brief written statement about not receiving the signed copy. This report must be maintained for at least 3 years.
Miscellaneous: Generators are also required to keep records of test results, waste analyses, or other waste determinations for at least 3 years from the date of shipment of that waste.
Storage/containers: You can store hazardous waste in tanks or containers, provided they are not leaking, bulging, rusted, or incompatible with the waste stored in them (e.g., certain types of acid in metal containers) (40 CFR Part 262.34). Storage areas should have a means of secondary containment, an alarm, a fire extinguisher, a "No Smoking" sign, and a means of communication (e.g., walkie-talkie, cellular phone, or air horn) in the event of a spill or other emergency.
Labeling: Hazardous waste tanks and containers must be labeled with the words "Hazardous Waste", the contents of the container, the accumulation start date, the waste codes of the contents, and the EPA ID number of the generator. A standard yellow hazardous waste label can usually be obtained through your EPA or State office, or through some catalogs.
Storage/time limitations: SQGs are required to dispose their hazardous waste within 180 days of placing the waste into the container. The exception to this is if the facility elects to "satellite" its waste first. If you satellite your waste, you must collect it in a container "at or near the point of generation." The interpretation of "at or near" varies from state to state but generally means the container cannot be separated by a door or wall from the point of generation and cannot be more than 50 feet from the point of generation. The container must be labeled only with its contents. Most states allow satellite generation of up to 55 gallons of one type of waste. Once the 55-gallon limit has been reached, the waste must be moved to an onsite accumulation area or building where it can be stored for up to 180 days from that time.
|Note about Episodic Generators: Depending on your type of business, you might be regulated under different rules at different times. If, in June, you generate between 220 and 2,200 lbs (100 kg to 1,000 kg) of hazardous waste, you would be considered an SQG for June and your waste would then be subject to the management requirements for SQGs. If, for example, you generate less than 220 lbs (100 kg) of hazardous waste during the month of June, your generator status would change and you would be considered a CESQG for June. Your June waste would be subject to the hazardous waste management requirements for CESQGs.|