Large Quantity Generators of RCRA Hazardous Waste - Information - 40 CFR 260, 261, 262

Large Quantity Generators of Hazardous Waste (LQG's)

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This page provides basic information for large quantity hazardous waste generators and links directly to the appropriate government web pages for the corresponding regulations.

Do I Qualify as a Large Quantity Generator (LQG)?

If you generate 2,200 pounds (1000 kilograms) or more of hazardous waste or more than 2.2 pounds (1 kilogram) of acute hazardous waste per calendar month, you are considered a large quantity generator (LQG) for that month. Some states refer to this status as full quantity generator.

What are my requirements as a LQG?

Generation and Disposal: As a LQG, you are allowed to generate an unlimited amount of hazardous in any calendar month. All hazardous waste generated by the LQG that is not treated onsite must be manifested and sent to an offsite treatment, storage and disposal facility (TSDF) permitted to handle hazardous waste, or sent to an approved designated facility (e.g., a recycling facility).

Documentation and Reporting:

Manifests: Hazardous waste that is sent to a TSDF or an approved designated facility must be listed on a Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest. A manifest provides a description of the hazards of the waste and the waste handlers. You must sign and date the manifest and obtain the signature of the transporter on the manifest. You must also keep a copy of the form until you receive a copy signed by the TSDF. Manifests must be kept for at least 3 years from the date of shipment.

Land Disposal Restriction: Many types of hazardous waste are restricted from being disposed in or on the land due to the probability of groundwater or soil contamination. The manifest for these wastes must be accompanied by a land disposal restriction (LDR) notification. The LDR is a one-time notification form that is signed by you, the generator, and indicates that you understand that this waste cannot be land disposed. According to federal regulations, it is the responsibility of the generator to provide the manifest and the LDR. Most hazardous waste disposal contractors will supply one or both of these forms for you.

Exception Report: Once a hazardous waste manifest has been signed and dated by you (generator), EPA gives the disposal contractor 35 days to transport the waste to the TSDF and return a signed copy of the manifest. If, after 35 days, you do not receive the "Return to Generator" copy of the manifest signed by the TSDF, you must notify the transport and/or the TSDF to determine the status of the hazardous waste. If, after 45 days, the "Return to Generator" copy is not received, you must file an exception report. The exception report must include a legible copy of the manifest and a cover letter signed by you explaining efforts taken to locate the hazardous waste and the results of those efforts. This report must be maintained for at least 3 years.

Biennial Report: Large quantity generators of hazardous waste must submit a biennial report by March 1 of each even numbered year (i.e., 1990, 1992, etc.) on EPA Form 8700-13A. The report basically covers the amount and types of hazardous waste generated in the previous two years and the TSDF receiving the waste. This report must be maintained for at least 3 years.

Miscellaneous: Generators are also required to keep records of test results, waste analyses, or other waste determinations for at least 3 years from the date of shipment of that waste.

Storage/containers: You can store hazardous waste in tanks, containers, drip pads, or containment buildings (40 CFR Part 262.34). Tanks and containers designated for storage must not be leaking, bulging, rusted, or incompatible with the waste stored in them (e.g., certain types of acid in metal containers). Storage areas must have secondary containment, an alarm, a fire extinguisher, a "No Smoking" sign, and a means of communication (e.g., walkie-talkie, cellular phone, or air horn) in the event of a spill or other emergency.

Labeling: Hazardous waste containers must be labeled with the words "Hazardous Waste", the contents of the container, the accumulation start date, the waste codes of the contents, and the EPA ID number of the generator. A standard yellow hazardous waste label can usually be obtained through your EPA or State office, or through some catalogs.

Storage/time limitations: LQGs are required to dispose their hazardous waste within 90 days of placing the waste into the container. The exception to this is if the facility elects to "satellite" its waste first. If you satellite your waste, you must collect it in a container "at or near the point of generation." The interpretation of "at or near" varies from state to state but generally means the container cannot be separated by a door or wall from the point of generation and cannot be more than 50 feet from the point of generation. The container must be labeled only with its contents. Most states allow satellite generation of up to 55 gallons of one type of waste. Once the 55-gallon limit has been reached, the waste must be moved to an onsite accumulation area or building where it can be stored for up to 90 days from that time.

Note about Episodic Generators: Depending on your type of business, you might be regulated under different rules at different times. If, for example, you generate between 220 and 2,200 lbs (1,000 kg) of hazardous waste during the month of June, you would be considered a SQG for June and your June waste would be subject to the hazardous waste management requirements for SQGs. If, in July, you generate more than 2,200 lbs (1,000 kg) of hazardous waste, your generator status would change, and you would be considered an LQG for July. Your July waste would then be subject to the management requirements for LQGs.

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