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The OSHA laboratory standard applies to all employers engaged in the laboratory use of hazardous chemicals (as defined below) to control ooccupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. The final standard became effective on May 1, 1990.
The OSHA standard requires that the employer must develop and carry out the provisions of a written Chemical Hygiene Plan. The purpose a CHP is to provide the necessary work practices, procedures, and policies to ensure that employees are protected from exposure to potentially hazardous chemicals in use in their work area. Employees must be trained in the plan.
1. Understand and comply with the OSHA Lab Standard (below)
2. Provide the necessary work practices, procedures, and policies to ensure the protection of employees from potentially hazardous chemicals in use in their work area.
2. Copies of both the OSHA lab standard and its appendices and the must be available to all potentially affected employees.
3. Includes general guidelines for working in the laboratory, such as
a. Document and train employees to become acquainted with the location of fire extinguishers, eye wash stations, and drench showers
b. Have injury response plans documenting how to respond to an injury to employee, completing an accident report, information about Workman's comp., use of company physicians and regular testing and medical monitoring.
c. General rules for working in the laboratory.
1. Become acquainted with the location of fire extinguishers, eye wash stations, and drench showers
2. Publish and train on emergency response procedures
3. Fire alarms may not alert fire department. They must be called
4. Maintain Material Safety Data Sheets for all dangerous chemicals and products and keep them readily available to employees.
5. Bottle labels often provide information on appropriate personal protective equipment (i.e. eye, hand, and body protection as well as fume hood use requirement.
|Part Title:||Occupational Safety and Health Standards|
|Subpart Title:||Toxic and Hazardous Substances|
exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. The
final standard became effective on May 1, 1990.
The OSHA standard requires that the employer must develop and carry out the provisions of a writtenChemical Hygiene Plan . The purpose a CHP is to provide the necessary work practices, procedures, and policies to ensure that employees are protected from exposure to potentially hazardous chemicals in use in their work area. Employees must betrained in the plan .
Table of Contents to the OSHA Lab Standard
General Lab Guidelines (in addition to the OSHA Lab Standard)
1. Understand and comply with the OSHA Lab Standard (below)
2. Provide the necessary work practices, procedures, and policies to ensure the
protection of employees from potentially hazardous chemicals in use in their
OSHA Standard for Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories
Scope and application.1910.1450(a)(1)
This section shall apply to all employers engaged in the laboratory use of hazardous chemicals as defined below.1910.1450(a)(2)
Where this section applies, it shall supersede, for laboratories, the requirements of all other OSHA health standards in 29 CFR part 1910, subpart Z, except as follows:1910.1450(a)(2)(i)
For any OSHA health standard, only the requirement to limit employee exposure to the specific permissible exposure limit shall apply for laboratories, unless that particular standard states otherwise or unless the conditions of paragraph (a)(2)(iii) of this section apply.1910.1450(a)(2)(ii)
Prohibition of eye and skin contact where specified by any OSHA health standard shall be observed.1910.1450(a)(2)(iii)
Where the action level (or in the absence of an action level, the permissible exposure limit) is routinely exceeded for an OSHA regulated substance with exposure monitoring and medical surveillance requirements paragraphs (d) and (g)(1)(ii) of this section shall apply.1910.1450(a)(3)
This section shall not apply to:..1910.1450(a)(3)(i)
Uses of hazardous chemicals which do not meet the definition of laboratory use, and in such cases, the employer shall comply with the relevant standard in 29 CFR part 1910, subpart Z, even if such use occurs in a laboratory.1910.1450(a)(3)(ii)
Laboratory uses of hazardous chemicals which provide no potential for employee exposure. Examples of such conditions might include:1910.1450(a)(3)(ii)(A)
Procedures using chemically-impregnated test media such as Dip-and-Read tests where a reagent strip is dipped into the specimen to be tested and the results are interpreted by comparing the color reaction to a color chart supplied by the manufacturer of the test strip; and1910.1450(a)(3)(ii)(B)
Commercially prepared kits such as those used in performing pregnancy tests in which all of the reagents needed to conduct the test are contained in the kit.
Permissible exposure limits. For laboratory uses of OSHA regulated substances, the employer shall assure that laboratory employees' exposures to such substances do not exceed the permissible exposure limits specified in 29 CFR part 1910, subpart Z...1910.1450(d)
Determination of potential for employee exposure
Employee exposure determination --1910.1450(d)(1)
Initial monitoring. The employer shall measure the employee's exposure to any substance regulated by a standard which requires monitoring if there is reason to believe that exposure levels for that substance routinely exceed the action level (or in the absence of an action level, the PEL).1910.1450(d)(2)
Periodic monitoring. If the initial monitoring prescribed by paragraph (d)(1) of this section discloses employee exposure over the action level (or in the absence of an action level, the PEL), the employer shall immediately comply with the exposure monitoring provisions of the relevant standard.1910.1450(d)(3)
Termination of monitoring. Monitoring may be terminated in accordance with the relevant standard.1910.1450(d)(4)
Employee notification of monitoring results. The employer shall, within 15 working days after the receipt of any monitoring results, notify the employee of these results in writing either individually or by posting results in an appropriate location that is accessible to employees.
Chemical hygiene plan -- General. (Appendix A of this section is non-mandatory but provides guidance to assist employers in the development of the Chemical Hygiene Plan).1910.1450(e)(1)
Where hazardous chemicals as defined by this standard are used in the workplace, the employer shall develop and carry out the provisions of a written Chemical Hygiene Plan which is:1910.1450(e)(1)(i)
Capable of protecting employees from health hazards associated with hazardous chemicals in that laboratory and1910.1450(e)(1)(ii)
Capable of keeping exposures below the limits specified in paragraph (c) of this section.1910.1450(e)(2)
The Chemical Hygiene Plan shall be readily available to employees, employee representatives and, upon request, to the Assistant Secretary.1910.1450(e)(3)
The Chemical Hygiene Plan shall include each of the following elements and shall indicate specific measures that the employer will take to ensure laboratory employee protection;1910.1450(e)(3)(i)
Standard operating procedures relevant to safety and health considerations to be followed when laboratory work involves the use of hazardous chemicals;1910.1450(e)(3)(ii)
Criteria that the employer will use to determine and implement control measures to reduce employee exposure to hazardous chemicals including engineering controls, the use of personal protective equipment and hygiene practices; particular attention shall be given to the selection of control measures for chemicals that are known to be extremely hazardous;1910.1450(e)(3)(iii)
A requirement that fume hoods and other protective equipment are functioning properly and specific measures that shall be taken to ensure proper and adequate performance of such equipment;..1910.1450(e)(3)(iv)
Provisions for employee information and training as prescribed in paragraph (f) of this section;1910.1450(e)(3)(v)
The circumstances under which a particular laboratory operation, procedure or activity shall require prior approval from the employer or the employer's designee before implementation;1910.1450(e)(3)(vi)
Provisions for medical consultation and medical examinations in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section;1910.1450(e)(3)(vii)
Designation of personnel responsible for implementation of the Chemical Hygiene Plan including the assignment of a Chemical Hygiene Officer, and, if appropriate, establishment of a Chemical Hygiene Committee; and1910.1450(e)(3)(viii)
Provisions for additional employee protection for work with particularly hazardous substances. These include "select carcinogens," reproductive toxins and substances which have a high degree of acute toxicity. Specific consideration shall be given to the following provisions which shall be included where appropriate:1910.1450(e)(3)(viii)(A)
Establishment of a designated area;1910.1450(e)(3)(viii)(B)
Use of containment devices such as fume hoods or glove boxes;1910.1450(e)(3)(viii)(C)
Procedures for safe removal of contaminated waste; and1910.1450(e)(3)(viii)(D)
The employer shall review and evaluate the effectiveness of the Chemical Hygiene Plan at least annually and update it as necessary.
Employee information and training.1910.1450(f)(1)
The employer shall provide employees with information and training to ensure that they are apprised of the hazards of chemicals present in their work area.1910.1450(f)(2)
Such information shall be provided at the time of an employee's initial assignment to a work area where hazardous chemicals are present and prior to assignments involving new exposure situations. The frequency of refresher information and training shall be determined by the employer.1910.1450(f)(3)
Information. Employees shall be informed of:1910.1450(f)(3)(i)
The contents of this standard and its appendices which shall be made available to employees;1910.1450(f)(3)(ii)
the location and availability of the employer's Chemical Hygiene Plan;..1910.1450(f)(3)(iii)
The permissible exposure limits for OSHA regulated substances or recommended exposure limits for other hazardous chemicals where there is no applicable OSHA standard;1910.1450(f)(3)(iv)
Signs and symptoms associated with exposures to hazardous chemicals used in the laboratory; and1910.1450(f)(3)(v)
The location and availability of known reference material on the hazards, safe handling, storage and disposal of hazardous chemicals found in the laboratory including, but not limited to, Material Safety Data Sheets received from the chemical supplier.1910.1450(f)(4)
Employee training shall include:1910.1450(f)(4)(i)(A)
Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical (such as monitoring conducted by the employer, continuous monitoring devices, visual appearance or odor of hazardous chemicals when being released, etc.);1910.1450(f)(4)(i)(B)
The physical and health hazards of chemicals in the work area; and1910.1450(f)(4)(i)(C)
The measures employees can take to protect themselves from these hazards, including specific procedures the employer has implemented to protect employees from exposure to hazardous chemicals, such as appropriate work practices, emergency procedures, and personal protective equipment to be used.1910.1450(f)(4)(ii)
The employee shall be trained on the applicable details of the employer's written Chemical Hygiene Plan.
Medical consultation and medical examinations.
Medical consultation and medical examinations.1910.1450(g)(1)
The employer shall provide all employees who work with hazardous chemicals an opportunity to receive medical attention, including any follow-up examinations which the examining physician determines to be necessary, under the following circumstances:1910.1450(g)(1)(i)
Whenever an employee develops signs or symptoms associated with a hazardous chemical to which the employee may have been exposed in the laboratory, the employee shall be provided an opportunity to receive an appropriate medical examination.1910.1450(g)(1)(ii)
Where exposure monitoring reveals an exposure level routinely above the action level (or in the absence of an action level, the PEL) for an OSHA regulated substance for which there are exposure monitoring and medical surveillance requirements, medical surveillance shall be established for the affected employee as prescribed by the particular standard.1910.1450(g)(1)(iii)
Whenever an event takes place in the work area such as a spill, leak, explosion or other occurrence resulting in the likelihood of a hazardous exposure, the affected employee shall be provided an opportunity for a medical consultation. Such consultation shall be for the purpose of determining the need for a medical examination...1910.1450(g)(2)
All medical examinations and consultations shall be performed by or under the direct supervision of a licensed physician and shall be provided without cost to the employee, without loss of pay and at a reasonable time and place.1910.1450(g)(3)
Information provided to the physician. The employer shall provide the following information to the physician:1910.1450(g)(3)(i)
The identity of the hazardous chemical(s) to which the employee may have been exposed;1910.1450(g)(3)(ii)
A description of the conditions under which the exposure occurred including quantitative exposure data, if available; and1910.1450(g)(3)(iii)
A description of the signs and symptoms of exposure that the employee is experiencing, if any.1910.1450(g)(4)
Physician's written opinion.1910.1450(g)(4)(i)
For examination or consultation required under this standard, the employer shall obtain a written opinion from the examining physician which shall include the following:1910.1450(g)(4)(i)(A)
Any recommendation for further medical follow-up;1910.1450(g)(4)(i)(B)
The results of the medical examination and any associated tests;1910.1450(g)(4)(i)(C)
Any medical condition which may be revealed in the course of the examination which may place the employee at increased risk as a result of exposure to a hazardous workplace; and1910.1450(g)(4)(i)(D)
A statement that the employee has been informed by the physician of the results of the consultation or medical examination and any medical condition that may require further examination or treatment.1910.1450(g)(4)(ii)
The written opinion shall not reveal specific findings of diagnoses unrelated to occupational exposure.
With respect to labels and material safety data sheets:1910.1450(h)(1)(i)
Employers shall ensure that labels on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals are not removed or defaced.1910.1450(h)(1)(ii)
Employers shall maintain any material safety data sheets that are received with incoming shipments of hazardous chemicals, and ensure that they are readily accessible to laboratory employees.1910.1450(h)(2)
The following provisions shall apply to chemical substances developed in the laboratory:..1910.1450(h)(2)(i)
If the composition of the chemical substance which is produced exclusively for the laboratory's use is known, the employer shall determine if it is a hazardous chemical as defined in paragraph (b) of this section. If the chemical is determined to be hazardous, the employer shall provide appropriate training as required under paragraph (f) of this section.1910.1450(h)(2)(ii)
If the chemical produced is a byproduct whose composition is not known, the employer shall assume that the substance is hazardous and shall implement paragraph (e) of this section.1910.1450(h)(2)(iii)
If the chemical substance is produced for another user outside of the laboratory, the employer shall comply with the Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) including the requirements for preparation of material safety data sheets and labeling.
Use of Respirators
Use of respirators. Where the use of respirators is necessary to maintain exposure below permissible exposure limits, the employer shall provide, at no cost to the employee, the proper respiratory equipment. Respirators shall be selected and used in accordance with the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.134.
The employer shall establish and maintain for each employee an accurate record of any measurements taken to monitor employee exposures and any medical consultation and examinations including tests or written opinions required by this standard.1910.1450(j)(2)
The employer shall assure that such records are kept, transferred, and made available in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1020.
Effective date. This section shall become effective May 1, 1990.1910.1450(k)(2)
Employers shall have developed and implemented a written Chemical Hygiene Plan no later than January 31, 1991.1910.1450(k)(2)(ii)
Paragraph (a)(2) of this section shall not take effect until the employer has developed and implemented a written Chemical Hygiene Plan.1910.1450(l)
Appendices. The information contained in the appendices is not intended, by itself, to create any additional obligations not otherwise imposed or to detract from any existing obligation.