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Carcinogens - Cancer-causing Compounds

Carcinogens - Cancer Causing Compounds

The following list is those compounds which are suspected by most reputable sources, NIH, EPA, etc of causing cancer in humans. Since all causes of cancer are not known (and can't yet be known), this list is just one snapshot of the current thinking.

A

A-alpha-C (2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole)
Acetaldehyde
Acetamide
Acetochlor
2-Acetylaminofluorene
Acifluorfen
Acrolein
Acrylamide
Acrylonitrile
Actinomycin D
Adriamycin (Doxorubicin hydrochloride)
AF-2;[2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)]acrylamide
Aflatoxins
Agaritine
Alachlor
Aldrin
Allyl chloride
Aallyl isothiocyanae
Allyl isovalerate
Aluminium products
2-Aminoanthraquinone
p-Aminoazobenzene
o-Aminoazotoluene [solvent yellow 3]
4-Aminobiphenyl (4-aminodiphenyl)
3-Amino-9-ethylcarbazole hydrochloride
1-Amino-2-methylanthraquinone
2-Amino-5-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole amino-5-nitrothiazole, 2-
Amitrole
Analgesic mixtures containing phenacetin
Androgenic (anabolic) steroids
Aniline
ortho-Anisidine
ortho-Anisidine hydrochloride
para-anisidine anthanthrene
Antimony oxide (antimony trioxide)
Aramite
Arsenic (inorganic arsenic compounds)
Asbestos
Auramine
Azaserine
Azathioprine
Azacitidine
Azobenzene
Azathioprine

B

Benz[a]anthracene
Benzene
Benzidine [and its salts]
Benzidine-based dyes
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[j]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzofuran
Benzo[a]pyrene
Benzotrichloride
Benzyl chloride
Benzyl violet 4B
Beryllium and beryllium compounds
Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether
N,N-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-2- naphthylamine (Chlornapazine)
Bischloroethyl nitrosourea (BCNU) (Carmustine)
Bis(chloromethyl)ether and technical-grade chloromethyl methyl ether
Bitumens, extracts of steam-refined and air refined
Bleomycins
Bracken fern
Bromodichloromethane
Bromoform
1,3-Butadiene
1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate (Busulfan, myleran)
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)
t-butyl methyl ether
beta-Butyrolactone

C

Cadmium and cadmium compounds
Caffeic acid
Captafol
Captan
Carbazole
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon-black extracts
Carrageenan, degraded
Ceramic fibers (airborne particles of respirable size)
Chlorambucil
Chloramphenicol
chlorbenzilat
Chlordane
Chlordecone (Kepone)
Chlordimeform
Chlorendic acid
Chlorinated Parrafins
alpha-Chlorinated toluenes
p-Chloroaniline
Cchlormadinone aceate
Chlornaphazine[n,n-bis(2-chloroethyl)-2-naphthylamine]
Chlorodibromomethane
Chloroethane (ethyl chloride)
1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) (Lomustine)
1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-(4-methylcyclohexyl)-1-nitrosourea (Methyl-CCNU)
Chloroform
Chloromethyl methyl ether
3-Chloro-2-methylpropene
4-Chloro-ortho-phenylenediamine
p-Chloro-o-toluidine
Chlorophenols
Chlorophenoxy herbicides
Cloroprene
Chlorothalonil
Chlorozotocin
Chromim
Chromium (hexavalent compounds)
Chrysene
C. I. Acid Red 114
C. I. Basic Red 9 monohydrochloride
Ciclosporin (Cyclosporin A; Cyclosporine)
Cinnamyl anthranilate
Cisplatin
Citrus Red No. 2
Clofibrate
Coal gasification products
Coal-tars and pitches
Cobalt metal powder
Cobalt [II] oxide
Conjugated estrogens
Creosotes
Crystal violet
para-Cresidine
cupferron
cycasin
cyclamates
1,4-cyclohexadiene
cyclophosphamide (anhydrous)
cyclophosphamide (hydrated)

D

D&C Orange No. 17
D&C Red No. 8
D&C Red No. 9
D&C Red No. 19
Dacarbazine
Daminozide
Dantron (Chrysazin; 1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone)
dapsone
Daunomycin
DCM
DDD (Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane)
DDE (Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene)
DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)
DDVP (Dichlorvos)
decabromodiphyenyl oxide
N,N'-Diacetylbenzidine
2,4-Diaminoanisole
2,4-Diaminoanisole sulfate
4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl ether (4,4'-Oxydianiline)
2,4-Diaminotoluene
Diaminotoluene (mixed)
Dibenz[a,h]acridine
Dibenz[a,j]acridine
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
7H-Dibenzo[c,g]carbazole
Dibenzo[a,e]pyrene
Dibenzo[a,h]pyrene
Dibenzo[a,i]pyrene
Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)
1,2-Dibromoethane
2,3-Dibromo-1-propanol
p-Dichlorobenzene
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine dihydrochloride
1,4-Dichloro-2-butene
3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether
1,1-Dichloroethane
1,2-Dichloroethane
Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride)
1,2-Dichloropropane
1,3-Dichloropropene
Dieldrin
Dienestrol
Diepoxybutane
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
1,2-Diethylhydrazine
Diethyl sulfate
DES, Diethylstilbestrol
Diglycidyl resorcinol ether (DGRE)
Dihydrosafrole
Diisopropyl sulfate
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine (ortho-Dianisidine)
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine dihydrochloride (ortho-dianisidine dihydrochloride)
para-Dimethylaminoazobenzene
4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene
trans-2-[(Dimethylamino)methylimino]-5-[2-(5-nitro-2-furyl)vinyl]-1,3,4- oxadiazole
7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine (ortho-Tolidine)
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine dihydrochloride
Dimethylcarbamoyl chloride
1,1-Dimethylhydrazine (UDMH)
1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
Dimethyl sulfate
Dimethylvinyl Chloride
1,6-Dinitropyrene
1,8-Dinitropyrene
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
1,4-Dioxane
Diphenylhydantoin (Phenytoin)
Diphenylhydantoin (Phenytoin), sodium salt
Direct Black 38
Direct Blue 6
Direct Brown 95
Disperse Blue 1

E

Epichlorohydrin
Erionite
Estradiol 17B
Estrogens (not conjugated)
  • Estradiol-17
    • Estrone
      • Ethinylestradiol
        • Mestranol
        Estrone
        Ethinylestradiol
        Ethyl acrylate
        Ethyl methanesulfonate
        Ethyl-4,4'-dichlorobenzilate
        Ethylene dibromide
        Ethylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane)
        N-Ethyl-N-nitrosourea
        Ethylene oxide
        Ethylene thiourea
        Ethyleneimine

        F

        Folpet
        Formaldehyde (gas or aqueous solution)
        2-(2-Formylhydrazino)-4-(5-nitro-2-furyl) thiazole
        Furan
        Furazolidone
        Furmecyclox
        Fusarin C

        G

        Glasswool fibers (airborne particles of respirable size)
        Glu-P-1 (2-Amino-6-methyldipyrido[1,2- a:3', 2'-d]imidazole)
        Glu-P-2 (2-Aminodipyrido[1,2-a:3',2'-d]imidazole)
        Glycidaldehyde
        Glycidol
        Griseofulvin
        Gyromitrin (Acetaldehyde methylformylhydrazone)

        H

        HC Blue 1
        Heptachlor
        Heptachlor epoxide
        Hexachlorobenzene
        Hexachlorocyclohexanes
        Hexachlorodibenzodioxin
        Hexachloroethane
        Hexamethylphosphoramide
        Hydrazine
        Hydrazine sulfate
        Hydrazobenzene (1,2-Diphenylhydrazine)
        Hydroxybutyric acid lactone

        I

        Indeno [1,2,3-cd]pyrene
        Indium trichloride
        IQ (2-Amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline)
        Iron dextran complex
        Isosafrole

        K

        Kepone (Chlordecone)

        L

        Lactofen
        Lasiocarpine
        Lead
        Lead acetate
        Lead phosphate
        Lindane and other hexachlorocyclohexane isomers

        M

        Mancozeb
        Maneb
        Me-A-alpha-C (2-Amino-3-methyl-9H-pyrido[2, 3-b]indole)
        Medroxyprogesterone acetate
        MeIQ(2-Amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline)
        MeIQx(2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline)
        Melphalan
        Merphalan
        Mestranol
        2-Methylaziridine (Propyleneimine)
        Methylazoxymethanol
        Methylazoxymethanol acetate
        3-Methylcholanthrene
        5-Methylchrysene
        4,4'-Methylene bis(2-chloroaniline) (MOCA)
        4,4'-Methylene bis(N,N-dimethyl)benzenamine
        4,4'-Methylene bis(2-methylaniline)
        4,4'-Methylenedianiline
        4,4'-Methylenedianiline dihydrochloride
        Methylhydrazine and its salts
        Methyl chloromethyl ether
        Methyl-CCNU
        Methyl iodide
        Methyl methanesulfonate
        2-Methyl-1-nitroanthraquinone
        N-Methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)
        N-Methyl-N-nitrosourea
        N-Methylolacrylamide
        Methylthiouracil
        Metiram
        Metronidazole
        Michler's ketone
        Mineral Oils, untreated and mildly treated
        Mirex
        Mitomycin C
        MOPP
        Monocrotaline
        5-(Morpholinomethyl)-3-[(5-nitro-fufurylidene)-amino]-2-oxazolidinone
        Mustard gas

        N

        Nafenopin
        1-Naphthylamine
        2-Naphthylamine
        3-Naphthylamine
        Nickel and certain nickel compounds
        Nickel carbonyl
        Nickel subsulfide
        Niridazole
        Nitrilotriacetic acid
        Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt monohydrate
        5-Nitroacenaphthene
        5-Nitro-o-anisidine
        o-Nitroanisole
        4-Nitrobiphenyl
        6-Nitrochrysene
        Nitrofen
        2-Nitrofluorene
        Nitrofurazone
        1-[(5-Nitrofurfurylidene)amino]-2-imidazollidinone
        1-[(5-Nitrofurfurylidene)-N-[4-(5-Nitro-2-furyl)-2 thiazolyl]acetamide
        Nitrogen mustard (Mechlorethamine)
        Nitrogen mustard hydrochloride (Mechlorethamine hydrochloride)
        Nitrogen mustard N-oxide
        Nitrogen mustard N-oxide hydrochloride
        2-Nitropropane
        4-Nitropyrene
        N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine
        N-Nitrosodiethanolamine
        N-Nitrosodiethylamine
        N-Nitrosodimethylamine
        p-Nitrosodiphenylamine
        N-Nitrosodiphenylamine
        N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine
        N-Nitroso-N-ethylurea
        3-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)propionitrile
        4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)
        N-Nitrosomethylethylamine
        N-Nitroso-N-methylurea
        N-Nitroso-N-methylurethane
        N-Nitrosomethylvinylamine
        N-Nitrosomorpholine
        N-Nitrosonornicotine
        N-Nitrosopiperidine
        N-Nitrosopyrrolidine
        N-Nitrososarcosine
        Norethisterone (Norethindrone)

        O

        Ochratoxin A
        Oestrogen, nonstreoidal
        Oestrogen, steroidal
        Oil Orange SS
        4,4'-Oxydianiline
        Oxadiazon
        Oxymetholone
        Oxazepam

        P

        Panfuran S
        Pentachlorophenol
        Phenacetin
        Phenazopyridine hydrochloride
        Phenesterin
        Phenobarbital
        Phenoxybenzamine
        Phenoxybenzamine hydrochloride
        Phenyl glycidyl ether
        Phenylhydrazine and its salts
        o-Phenylphenate, sodium
        Phenytoin
        PhiP(2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazol[4,5-b]pyridine)
        Polybrominated biphenyls
        Polychlorinated biphenyls
        Polychlorinated biphenyls (containing 60 or more percent chlorine by molecular weight)
        Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
        Polychlorinated dibenzofurans
        Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
        Polygeenan
        Ponceau MX
        Ponceau 3R
        Potassium bromate
        Procarbazine
        Procarbazine hydrochloride
        Procymidone
        Progesterone
        Progestins
        1,3-Propane sultone
        Progargite
        beta-Propiolactone
        Propylene oxide
        Propylthiouracil
        Pyridinium chlorochromate

        R

        Radionuclides
        Radon
        Reserpine
        Residual (heavy) fuel oils
        Rhodamine 101

        S

        Saccharin
        Saccharin, sodium
        Safrole
        Selenium sulfide
        Shale-oils
        Silica, crystalline (airborne particles of respirable size)
        Sodium dichromate
        Sodium hexafluoroarsenate(V)
        Sodium ortho-phenylphenate
        Sterigmatocystin
        Streptozotocin
        Styrene
        Styrene oxide
        Sulfallate
        Sulphur trioxide
        Sulphur trioxide N,N-dimethylformamide complex

        T

        Talc containing asbestiform fibers
        Terrazole
        Testosterone and its esters
        2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD)
        1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
        Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene)
        p-a,a,a-Tetrachlorotoluene
        3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine
        Tetranitromethane
        Thioacetamide
        4,4'-Thiodianiline
        Thiourea
        Thorium dioxide
        Tobacco, oral use of smokeless products
        Tobacco smoke
        Toluene diisocyanate
        p-toluenesulphonic acid
        ortho-Toluidine
        ortho-Toluidine hydrochloride
        para-Toluidine
        Toxaphene (Polychorinated camphenes)
        Treosulfan (Tresoluphan)
        Trichlormethine (Trimustine hydrochloride)
        2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
        1,2,3-Trichloropropane
        Triphenyltin hydroxide
        Trichloroethylene
        Tris(aziridinyl)-para-benzoquinone (Triaziquone)
        Tris(1-aziridinyl)phosphine sulfide (Thiotepa)
        Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate
        Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate
        TRIZMA base
        Trp-P-1 (Tryptophan-P-1) (3-Amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole)
        Trp-P-2 (Tryptophan-P-2) (3-Amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole)
        Trypan blue

        U

        Uracil mustard
        Urethane (Ethyl carbamate)

        V

        Vinyl bromide
        Vinyl chloride
        4-Vinyl-1-cyclohexene diepoxide (Vinyl cyclohexene dioxide)
        n-vinyl pyrollidone
        Vinyl trichloride (1,1,2-Trichloroethane)

        X

        2,6-Xylidine (2,6-Dimethylaniline)

        Z

        Zineb

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