Management of used oil has been the subject of debate for many years; virtually since the enactment of the HSWA regulation in the 80's. In the past months, several final rules and clarifications has addressed the subject. We hope these links to the US EPA information proves useful to you!
Used Motor Oil Recycling - Find A Location Near You - Look for a place to safely take your used motor oil for recycling? Don't pour it down a storm drain! Locate the nearest recycling facility or program near you that accepts used motor oil from your car, truck or motorcycle.
Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse: Tips for Consumers Who Change Their Own Motor Oil and Oil Filters
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Provides step-by-step instructions for changing motor oil, recycling used oil, and changing and recycling used oil filters. Lists uses for recycled oil.
Managing Used Oil
EPA Document Number: EPA/625/R-94/010
Not available online: To order a copy of this publication at no charge, call or fax your request to ORD Publications at (phone) 513/569-7562 or (FAX) 513/569-7566.
ABSTRACT: This document presents information on how to properly manage used motor oil.
Topics addressed include management of used oil generated by changing motor oil from automobile
or truck crankcases and collecting used motor oil from do-it-yourselfers (DIYs).
The purpose of this document is to help used motor oil generators properly manage their used oil, by
giving detailed information to assist used motor oil generators in meeting the requirements of the
Used Oil Management Standards finalized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in
This document was developed to assist individuals who own or work at businesses and other
facilities that generate used motor oil. These businesses and facilities include:
DIY used oil collection centers
motor oil retailers
Each chapter presents a different aspect of used oil management. The following chapters are included:
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 The Used Oil Management System
Chapter 3 The Regulations
Chapter 4 Options for Recycling Used Oil
Chapter 5 Choosing a Used Oil Transporter
Chapter 6 Onsite Management for Used Oil Generators
Chapter 7 Managing and Disposing of Used Oil Filters
Additionally, Managing Used Oil includes several appendices that provide sources for detailed
information relating to used oil management and summaries of several applicable federal regulations that address used oil management practices.
Rules and Regulations
July 14, 1998 Removal of direct final rule amendments - Removal of amendments included in the May 6, 1998 direct final rule that received adverse comment.
May 6, 1998 Direct final rule and proposal - Clarification of and corrections to the Used Oil Management Standards relating to used oil containing PCBs, response to releases, mixtures of used oil and CESQG wastes, incorrect references, and recordkeeping for marketers of on-specification used oil. This rule makes clear the EPA's intention that polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contaminated used oil containing 50 parts per million (ppm) PCBs or greater is not subject to regulation under the used oil management standards. Used oil contaminated with 50 ppm PCBs or greater is regulated under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) rather than the Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act (RCRA). Used oil containing less than 50 ppm PCBs is regulated under RCRA and may be regulated under TSCA (depending on concentration and intended use or disposition).
June 28, 1996 Final rule, notice of judicial vacatur of administrative stay - Reinstatement of the regulatory provisions set forth in 40 CFR 279.10(b)(2). (Adobe Acrobat PDF)
October 30, 1995 Administrative stay - Administrative stay of the regulatory provisions set forth in 40 CFR 279.10(b)(2) applicable to mixtures of used oil destined for recycling and either characteristic hazardous waste or waste listed as hazardous waste because it exhibits a hazardous waste characteristic. (Adobe Acrobat PDF)
March 4, 1994 Final rule - Clarification about used oil inserted into crude oil pipelines and refineries, used oil transfer stations, and used oil processors. (ACSII Text File)
September 10, 1992 Final rule - Recycled Used Oil Management Standards (ACSII Text File)
April 17, 1996 Notice - Agency Information Collection Activities Under OMB Review - Used Oil ICR (EPA ICR No. 1286.04) approved by OMB. (Adobe Acrobat PDF)
February 6, 1996 Notice - Agency Information Collection Activities Under OMB Review - Used Oil ICR (EPA ICR No. 1286.04) forwarded to OMB for review and approval. (Adobe Acrobat PDF)
September 1, 1995 Notice - Information Collection Request for Used Oil - Announces that the Used Oil ICR (EPA ICR No. 1286) is coming up for renewal and that EPA is soliciting comments. (Adobe Acrobat PDF)
Used Oil Regulations
40 CFR Part 279 - Standards for the Management of Used Oil (Adobe Acrobat PDF)
Other Regulations Related to Used Oil
40 CFR Part 261 - Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste (Adobe Acrobat PDF) - Even if your used oil is not subject to the Used Oil regs; it could still be regulated as a hazardous waste - especially if it fails the TCLP - check here.
40 CFR Part 761 - Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Manufacturing, Processing, Distribution in Commerce, and Use Prohibitions (Adobe Acrobat PDF). PCB's are usually found in an oil-like state; used as lubricating & cooling fluids where high-temperature tolerance and heat transfer is needed; like in electrical transformers.