Wetlands  Information

image from WETLANDSLearn about the definition and classification of wetlands, what types of plants and wildlife are common to wetlands and the importance of the wetlands ecosystem in flood and erosion control, water purification and groundwater recharge. Digitized photographs and hypertext are used extensively to illustrate the different wetland types from bog to swamp. A beautiful introduction to this important and controversial ecosystem. Free Software from EPA. 

EPA's Most Frequently Asked Questions Related to Wetlands Oceans & Watersheds

1. What is the nation's worst water quality problem?
A: Nonpoint source pollution is the largest source of water quality problems. It is the main reason that 40% of our assessed water bodies are unsafe for basic uses such as fishing or swimming.
For more info: http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/NPS/facts/point1.html

2. How can I help prevent pollution to waters?
On Farmland
A:Agriculture activities that cause pollution include confined animal facilities, grazing, plowing, irrigation, fertilizing, planting, and harvesting. The impacts can be minimized by properly using combinations of best management practices within an environmental context.
For more info: http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/NPS/facts/point6.html

At Home
A:Limiting paved surfaces, landscaping with nature, proper septic system maintenance and proper chemical use, storage and disposal are easy and inexpensive ways to prevent household water pollution. Raising community awareness can also be essential to solving this problem
For more info: http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/NPS/facts/point10.html

3. How can I become involved in EPA's volunteer monitoring program?
A: EPA supports the efforts of state, local, and independent volunteer monitoring programs throughout the country, but does not generally recruit or train individual volunteers. EPA's role is primarily to provide technical and outreach assistance to groups engaged in volunteer monitoring.

If you are interested in becoming involved in volunteer monitoring, you may want to start by visiting our volunteer monitoring homepage. Consult our National Directory of Volunteer Environmental Monitoring programs for the address of a volunteer program near you, or visit our Surf Your Watershed page to learn about other watershed-based volunteer opportunities. To learn more about volunteer monitoring in general, look through our national newsletter, The Volunteer Monitor, read our volunteer monitoring fact sheet , or browse through one of the methods manuals on our homepage.

4. What is a wetland?
A: Wetlands are the link between water and land or the collective term for areas between dry land and bodies of water. Wetlands also act as filters thereby protecting sources of drinking water.
For more info: http://www.epa.gov/owow/wetlands/facts/fact5.html

What is EPA's role?
A:EPA's authortity to protect wetlands comes through secion 404 of the clean water act


5. What are the environmental consequences of wetland loss?
A: The loss or degradation of wetlands has many consequences, such as increased flooding or the decline of water quality.


6. What funds are available to support wetlands oceans and watershed activities?
A: There are currently three grant programs that OWOW administers through our regional offices: The National Estuary Program, The Wetlands Protection State Development Grant Program and the Nonpoint Source Implementation Grant Program.
In addition, EPA has recently published a new document called the Catalog of Federal Funding Sources for Watershed Protection, which provides information on 52 federal grant and loan programs which might be avaiable to fund watershed protection and restoration projects.

7. What is a watershed? What watershed do I live in?
A: Watersheds are nature's boundaries. They are the areas that drain to water bodies, including lakes, rivers, estuaries, wetlands, streams, and the surrounding landscape. Ground water recharge areas are also considered. Surf Your Watershed is a new device that allows you to enter your zip code and find out what watershed you live in as well as certain programs that are currently on-going in your watershed as well as water quality and pollution information for that area.
Go to Surf Your Watershed
Why is EPA focusing on watersheds?

8. What resources are available for kids on our Homepage?
A: There are many "cool" things on our page for kids but a couple of highlights include The Marine Debris Curriculum and the Wetlands reading list from the Wetlands Hotline (1-800-832-7828)

9. What is an estuary and what is EPA doing to protect them?
A: An estuary is a coastal area where fresh water from rivers and streams mixes with salt water from the ocean. Many bays, sounds, and lagoons along coasts are estuaries. Portions of rivers and streams connected to estuaries are also considered part of the estuary. The land area from which fresh water drains into the estuary is its watershed. EPA Protects estuaries through the National Estuary Program.
For more Information: http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/estuaries/nep.htm

10. What newsletters do you provide and how can I be added to your mailing lists?
There are currently 6 newsletters that our office sponsors. Just follow these links to see the latest issues and leave a comment to be added to the list.
Coastlines
News Notes
Swamp Things
Watershed Events
The Water Monitor
The Volunteer Monitor

Free Software from EPA. 

bulletCreated: 1992 by D. Johannesen, J. Gurganus
bulletSize: approximately 3.0 Mb when uncompressed, 1.76 Mb compressed
bulletGraphics: VGA
bulletOperating system: DOS
bulletOther requirements: IBM-compatible with a hard disk, 640 K RAM (approximately 540 K of RAM must be available),mouse required.
Download WETLANDS now:
zipfile 1 of 1 (1.73Mb)
-OR-
zipfile 1 of 2 (1.04Mb)
zipfile 2 of 2 (720K)
Installation: To install, copy the zipfile(s) into a subdirectory on your hard disk, then uncompress. The files were compressed using PKZIP from PKWARE, Inc. To start the program, type "wl". Note: This program is very demanding on RAM; you may need to re-boot your computer before running this program. If the program "hangs up" while running, re-boot the computer. bulletHow to register this software
bulletmetadata file for this program
 

 

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EHSO is looking for environmental and safety service providers, such as trainers, consultants, CIH's, etc., anywhere in the United States to provide their services to our site visitors.  Write us for more information. Email: or click on feedback

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EHSO is looking for environmental and safety service providers, such as trainers, consultants, CIH's, etc., anywhere in the United States to provide their services to our site visitors.  Write us for more information. Email: or click on feedback

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