EHSO home page - Free Environmental Health & Safety information, guidance and downloads of regulations and manuals online for home or EHS professional.

Environment, Health and Safety Online

The site for free, objective information you can use!      Search the site Bookmark and Share

 

Fall allergy  air filter Table of Contents

Search

How to get  help

Search
Government sites

Government Hotlines

Today's Federal Register

FAQs

Services

Contact Info for:
EPA  
State agencies
OSHA
DOT    

Regs:
Search Government regs and sites   

Data: Search EPA databases

States  

Related Sites

Feedback

What's new

Site home

 

Fall allergy  air filter Other Topics:

Air

Asbestos

Assessments

Auditing

Brownfields

CERCLA

DOT

Enforcement

EPA contacts

EPCRA

FedRegister

FireSafety

Groundwater

HazMats

HazWaste

Health&Safety

Hotlines

International

ISO14000

LabPacks

MSDS

NewsPlus

OSHA

PCBs

Phase I's

Pollution- Prevention

PSM

Radiation

Recycling

RiskMgmt

Soil

States

Spills

TSCA

USTs

Used Oil

Water  

Batteries - Management & Disposal for Businesses

(For individuals and households, look here: household battery recycling and disposal )

horizontal rule

If you are at this EHSO web page, then you are a business or government agency (if you are an individual, family, home, etc., click here for that information!) and either have batteries that you need to dispose, or you want to implement a program to manage your batteries proactively.  In both cases, we have gathered information here to assist you in managing your batteries to reduce problems and costs, and then to find a legal and cost-effective means of disposal for them.  You may also find this pdf document from the EPA about the Battery Recycing Act for batteries containing mercury to be useful.

horizontal rule

Used Battery Disposal

What can you do wi and either have batteries that you need to dispose, or you want to implement a program to manage your batteries proactively.  In both cases, we have gathered information here to assist you in managing your batteries to reduce problems and costs, and then to find a legal and cost-effective means of disposal for them.  You may also find this pdf document from the EPA about the Battery Recycing Act for batteries containing mercury to be useful.

horizontal rule

Used Battery Disposal

What can you do with them, legally?  It depends upon the type of battery.  Most car, truck, motorcycle, boat etc. batteries are "lead acid" batteries; which means they are considered to be a hazardous waste due to (you guessed it) lead and acid.  Many smaller home batteries (especially old ones) contain mercury.  Rechargables are usually nickel and cadmium. The Universal Waste regulations (May 11, 1995) affected batteries as a hazardous waste (see 40 CFR 273.2).

A transporter of spent lead-acid batteries must ensure that the batteries are loaded and braced properly so as to prevent any damage, leakage of lead dust or battery fluid, or short circuits. A bill of lading or Hazardous Waste Manifest is to accompany the shipment and must be retained for three years to record shipment.

Damaged batteries can be transported with intact batteries when properly contained. Battery reclaimers have recommended that damaged batteries be stored and transported in two six millimeter polyethylene plastic bags. These batteries can be transferred along with intact spent batteries. If a cap is missing from a spent battery, it should be replaced.

For further information regarding the transport of spent lead-acid batteries, contact the U.S. Department of Transportation, Motor Carrier Safety Office.

So, first off, see if you can have it recycled.  How and where? Try this list:

Is your recycling firm not listed below?  Click here to add it free!

Lead/Acid Battery Recycling Traders and Recyclers

Battery Recyclers & Disposal Facilities

A-1 Recycling (ME)
RFD2 Box 138
Thorndike Maine
USA 04986
Tel: 207 568-3418
Contact: Bob Erickson
Types: Lead Acid

Battery Recyclers of America
4509 Woodbluff Dr.
Mesquite TX 75150
Phone: 214-797-6956

Local, Regional, City-wide, State-wide, National; (basically all areas in USA but Alaska and Hawaii)  

Types: lead-acid: auto, truck, industrial

YES, we pay our customers for materials.
Battery Solutions, Inc. 
38680 Michigan Ave.
Wayne, MI 48184
Phone: (734) 467-9110
Fax: (734) 467-9104
Contact: Chris Sova
email: csova@batteryrecycling.com

Assists businesses in disposing of batteries.

Bethlehem Apparatus 
890 Front St., P.O. Box Y
Hellertown, PA 18055
Phone: (610) 838-7034
Fax: (610) 838-6333

Contact: John Boyle


Types: Specializes in mercury batteries.
Bodner Metal & Iron Corp.
3660 Schalker Drive
Houston Texas
USA 77026
Tel: 713-223-1148
Fax: 713-223-1141
Contact: Emanuel Bodner
Buyers and Processors of Scrap Automobiles, Washers, Dryers, Hot-Water Heaters, Stoves, and Scrap Iron and Steel.

 

Also buying Car Batteries, Radiators, Aluminum Wheels, Carburetors, Irony and Clean Aluminum, Copper and Brass.

Container Service for Industrial Accounts.

 

Crawford County Solid Waste and Recycling Center  
Bucyrus, OH 44820
Phone: (419) 562-4169
Contact: John Henney

Types: Car Batteries
Cyclemet, Inc.  
2405 Harrison Road
Columbus, OH 43204
Phone: (614) 276-0202
Fax: (614) 421-7916
Contact: Bernie Senser

Types: Car Batteries
The Doe Run Company
881 Main Street
Herculaneum Missouri
USA 63048
Tel: 314 933-3164
Fax: 314 933-3150
Contact: Clifford Asberry
Types: Lead & Lead/Acid Battery Recycling
East Penn Manufacturing 
P.O. Box 147, Deka Road
Lyon Station, PA 19536
Phone: (610) 682-6361

Types: Lead Acid
Exide Corporation 
645 Penn St.
Reading, PA 19601
Phone: (800) 437-8495
Fax: (610) 378-0514
Contact: Robert Jordan

Types: Lead Acid
General Battery Corporation 
Route 61, Pottsville Pike
Reading, PA 19605
Phone: (215) 378-0780

Types: Lead Acid
Guelph Suburban Metals
74 Suburban
Guelph Ontario
Canada N1E 6B5
Tel: 519 822-5811
Fax: 519 822-5812
Contact: Camron Green
Servicing Southern Ontario Dealer & Trader of Scrap Metals
bulletScrap Iron & Steel
bulletScrap Lead Acid Battery Recycling
bulletScrap Copper, Brass & Bronze
bulletScrap Aluminum
bulletScrap Lead
bulletScrap Stainless Steel
bulletRoll-Off Container Service
bulletMoble Car Crusher

Only dealing with contracts in a 300 mile radius around Guelph, Ontario.

We do not export materials.

 

Haley Associates 
1001 Old Berwick Road
Bloomsburg, PA 17815
Phone: (717) 389-1220

Types: Nickel-Cadmium
Hanover Metal Co. Inc.
P.O. Box 27155
Baltimore Maryland
USA 21230-0155
Toll Free: 800 233-1340
Tel: 410 539-1338
Fax: 410 539-1341
Contact: Steven Epstein
Cash for scrap metal
International Metals Reclamation Co., Inc. (Inmetco) 
245 Portersville Road
Ellwood, PA 16117
Phone: (724) 758-2800

Types: Nickel-Cadmium, nickel-iron, nickel-metal hydride
International Reclamation Corp./Battery Conservation Technologies
3000 Western Ave. 
Pecos, TX 79772
Phone: (800) 999-9549
Types: All
Interstate Batteries
12770 Merit Dr Suite 400
Dallas Texas
USA 75251
Tel: 972 455-6565
Fax: 972 991-2335
Contact: Kirt Ruby
 
Kinsbursky Brothers  
1314 North Anaheim Boulevard
Anaheim, CA 92801
Phone: (800) 548-8797
(877) 461-2345 (Ohio only) or
(714) 738-8516
Fax: (714) 441-0857
Contact: Paul Schneider
E-mail: p.schneider@kinsbursky.com

Types: All battery chemistries. 
Lesick, Inc. 
950 S. Ellsworth
Salem, OH 44460
Phone: (216) 332-9346
Contact: Dave Lesick

Types: Car Batteries
Lion Metals Inc.
301 Bridge Plaza North
Fort Lee New Jersey
USA 07024
Tel: 201 585-9191
Fax: 201 585-9872
Contact: Ty Urus
Types: Lead/Acid Battery Recycling
MetalQuest
169 West Sharon Road
Cincinnati Ohio
USA 45246
Tel: 513 771-7103
Fax: 513 242-5059
Contact: William Jansen
Recycler / Trader of silver scrap, platinum scrap and mixed precious metals
Midwest Digital, Inc. 
2655 Harrision Ave. SW
Canton, OH 44706
Phone: (330) 456-2221
Types: All types
Perma-Fix Environmental Services, Inc.
300 S. West End Avenue
Dayton, OH 45427
Phone: (800) 543-3670 (Ohio Office)
Contact: Jerry McEldowney

Assists businesses with battery disposal
Raw Materials Corporation 
PO Box 6
Port Colborne, Ontario
L3K 5V7
Phone: (905) 835-1203
Fax: (905) 835-6824
Contact: James Ewles, Rick Unyi
Types: Air Depolarized Zinc Batteries, Alkaline Batteries (Household Sealed Cells), Zinc Carbon, Nickel Cadmium, Nickel Iron, Mercury Oxide, Lithium, Lead Acid, (all recycled)
Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation, (RBRC) 
P.O. Box 141870
Gainesville, FL 32614-1870
Phone: (800) 822-8837 or (352) 376-5135
Fax: (352) 376-5942
email: thall@rbrc.com
Types: All types of household and industrial Nickel Cadmium batteries in the U.S. and Canada. Includes info for businesses, retailers, educators, and consumers for recycling rechargeable batteries.
The Recycler's Exchange

Add a Free Listing: Wanted or Available
View Listings: Wanted & Available [ 18 ]
bullet Auto & Truck Lead/Acid Battery Scrap (Benchmark)
bullet Drained Lead/Acid Battery Scrap
bullet Steel Cased Lead/Acid Battery Scrap
bullet Glass Cased Lead/Acid Battery Scrap
bullet Other Lead/Acid Battery Scrap

Lead/Acid Battery Recycling Category
Exchange Index | Policies & Procedures | Used Equipment / Items

 
Recyclights 
4220 Perimeter Drive
Columbus, OH 43228
Phone: (614) 276-3000 
Types: Mercury
SAFT America, Inc. 
711 Industrial Blvd.
Valdosta, GA 31602
Phone: (912) 245-2918
Fax: (912) 245-2928
Contact: Joyce Pike

Types: Nickel-cadmium, nickel-iron, zinc-air, nickel-metal hydride, lead acid

Sanders Lead Company, Inc.
100 Sanders Rd
Troy Alabama
USA 36081
Tel: 334 566-1563
Types: This is a lead acid battery recycle operation & Large scale secondary lead smelting operation.
Safety Kleen BDT
4255 Research Parkway
Clarence, NY 14031
Phone: (716) 759-2868
Fax: (716) 759-6034
Contact: Joel Guptill

Types: Lithium, alkaline, nickel-cadmium, mercury, lead-acid
ToxCo, Inc. 
8090 Lancaster Newark Road
P.O. Box 66
Baltimore, Ohio 43105
Phone: (877) 461-2345
Phone: (740) 862-9013
Fax: (740) 862-4308
Contact: Ed Green
email: edgreen@kinsbursky.com
Types: Lithium, lithium ion, alkaline, nickel iron, nickel cadmium, nickel metal hydride, mercury, magnesium, lead-acid, silver, zinc carbonaire,  &  air de-polarized zinc

authorized Defense Reutilization & Marketing Service (DRMS) C-68 Facility
Universal Metals and Ores
10 Hartford Ave.
Mount Vernon, NY
Phone: (914) 664-0200
Fax: (914) 699-0026
Contact: David Vollweiler

Types: Nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, lithium

 

Waste and Recycling Services 
44744 Helm Street
Plymouth, MI 48170
Phone: (734) 397-5801
Types: Alkaline, nickel-cadmium, magnesium, mercury, lithium, silver, lead-acid
bulletIn California
GNB, Inc. Resource Recycling Division
2700 South Indiana Street
Los Angeles, CA 90023
(213) 262-1101
Contact: Ken Clark

Kinsbursky Brothers, Inc./Alkin Precious Metals, Inc.
1314 North Lemon Street
Anaheim, CA 92801
(714)738-8516
Contact: Todd Coy or Michael Margolies

RSR Quemetco, Inc.
720 South 7th Avenue
City of Industry, CA 91745
(800)527-9452
Contact: Danny Rosellini

 

Lead/Acid Battery Recycling Associations

bulletAssociation of Battery Recyclers
bulletAutomotive Recyclers of Manitoba
bulletBattery Council International
bulletBIR - Bureau International de la Recuperation
bulletCanadian Association of Recycling Industries (CARI)
bulletCyprus Recyclers Association
bulletInstitute of Scrap Recycling Industries - ISRI

Lead/Acid Battery Recycling Publications

bulletRecycling Laws International
bulletRecycling Today
bulletRecycling World Publication (UK)
bulletResource Recycling Magazine
bulletSCRAP (Magazine)
bulletSecondary Market Guide (Equipment)
bulletState Recycling Laws Update
bulletUsed Equipment Directory (Publication)
bulletWaste News

Lead/Acid Battery Recycling Recycling & Waste Equipment

bulletAlliance Recycling Finance
bulletB.J.Metals (Roll-Off Containers)
bulletIntersell

If you can not get the battery recycled, it will probably meet the definition of a hazardous waste - dispose of it illegally (i.e., not through a licensed facility) and you could go to jail.

horizontal rule

Battery Management Programs

Each year, over 2 billion used batteries are disposed into solid waste facilities in the United States. This constitutes 88% of the mercury and 54% of the cadmium deposited into US solid waste landfills.  This represents a potential long-term threat to groundwater and drinking water supplies.  Consequently, the system that is used to manage these batteries should promote source reduction, recycling, and proper disposal. These options, and their hierarchy, are the keys to pollution prevention; and for a business, that is the key for compliance and cost reduction.

This page is largely reproduced from the US EPA Office of Administration's information.  It outlines the overall steps that may be followed when organizing a battery recycling plan. The steps include analyzing your facility’s waste streams, examining all administrative issues associated with the program, evaluating battery recyclers, and educating your facility’s employees on the benefits of a battery recycling program. In addition, this pamphlet discusses some pollution prevention opportunities present in battery recycling, methods for measuring the program’s progress, and resources that are available to each facility.

There are EPA facilities which have implemented battery recycling programs as part of their pollution prevention efforts. Each facility that makes the decision to implement battery recycling programs will help protect the environment. The US EPA Office of Administration (OA) has spoken with several facilities that have implemented battery recycling programs at their respective facilities and gathered their responses. This page provides some key information from their experiences.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES AND OPPORTUNITIES

Strategies

How do you begin a battery management program? Have you analyzed your facility’s process streams, including procurement, usage, and disposal? The types and quantities of batteries that are present in each stream should be identified. By doing this, you will be able to customize a battery management program that meets your facility’s needs.

What planning or administrative issues need to be addressed? The facility should conduct a battery needs assessment to determine where batteries are essential and where they might be eliminated. Once battery needs are established, there are significant factors which must be considered prior to implementation of the battery management program. These could include selecting and procuring the collection containers, sorting the batteries prior to submission to the recycler, and providing temporary storage space for the batteries.

For example, where will the collection containers be located? One central collection point could be established or multiple collection points could be provided. Smaller facilities or facilities that use fewer batteries should consider using a central collection point. Larger facilities or those facilities that use more batteries might want to consider using multiple collection points. No matter which method you use, your program should be structured so that it is easy for employees to participate in it.

How do you choose a battery recycler? One of the most important aspects of a successful battery recycling program is the battery recycler. Battery recyclers should be contacted and reviewed by management to see if they can fulfill the facility’s recycling program needs. When evaluating a battery recycler, you should consider the following crite-ria. Does the recycler have a permit or state certification to be a battery recycler? What types of batteries will the re-cycler take? What are the re-cycling and disposal prac-tices of the recycler? How long has the recycler been in business? It is important that the recycler you choose is a state-certified recycler who practices environmentally sound recycling methods. Find out information on the recycling methods of the recycler to help ensure that your facility is not paying for irresponsible practices such as dumping or improper recycling. What costs will be incurred by the facility for the recycling services? How available is the recycler to your facility and how frequent are its collections? These and other topics should be used as evaluation guidelines to enable you to select the recycler that is right for your facility.

How do you communicate the benefits of the program to your employees? The benefits of the battery recycling program must be conveyed to employees if the program is to be successful. Many people have and are continuing to learn about recycling programs through educational tools. These tools include pamphlets, electronic and other printed material, seminars, and posters. Increased public education and awareness about recycling programs can enhance the success of your program.

Opportunities

Rechargeable batteries. The use of recyclable batteries in many devices can help to reduce the quantity of batteries disposed by your facility. By reducing the amount of batteries procured and disposed of, you can help reduce the amount of environmentally harmful wastes discharged by your facility and also save money. The following table provides a cost analysis for a typical rechargeable battery as compared to disposable batteries over a three-year period.

Cost Analysis for Rechargeable vs. Disposable Batteries*

Battery Type Batteries Produced Initial Procurement Cost Per Battery Total Procurement Costs Hazardous Waste Disposal 3-year Cost Savings
Rechargeable

Disposable

1

876

$11

$0.74

$11

$650

16gm

105gm

$639

----------

* Soviero, Marcelle, "Batteries Come Clean," Popular Science, July 1992, v241, n1.

Although the disposable battery’s initial procurement cost per battery is about 6.7 percent of the rechargeable battery, its total procurement costs, over the three-year period, are almost 60 times the rechargeable battery’s costs. Using the rechargeable battery produced a cost savings of $639 from procurement alone and resulted in 89 fewer grams of hazardous waste to dispose of than its disposable counterpart. Source reduction is one of the keys to pollution prevention. Substituting rechargeable batteries for conventional batteries can reduce the number of batteries procured and disposed by a facility.

Battery Inventorying. In addition, a battery recycling program could enable your facility to maintain an inventory of the batteries procured, used, recycled, and disposed within the facility. This can be accomplished through establishing policies to require that old batteries be exchanged to obtain new ones. By doing this, an efficient record of all batteries used can be maintained, and facilities can ensure that batteries are being recycled and not disposed as waste. Spreadsheet and computer database programs can be used to establish an inventory system.

Centralized Procurement. Furthermore, the procurement of batteries could be centralized through one location. This could make the procurement, usage and disposal of batteries more efficient by minimizing waste due to over procurement or shelf-life expiration. This is an example of a source reduction pollution prevention initiative.

MEASURING PROGRESS

It is important to measure the progress of your battery recycling program. This will enable you to see the actual performance of your program. For example, by maintaining an accurate record of the batteries procured, used, recycled, and disposed, you will be able to gain a realistic sense of the type, amount, and number of batteries in each of these process streams. Using this information, you can measure the progress of the program in a variety of ways, such as:

Checkbox.gif (229 bytes)Number or percentage of batteries sent to recycler

Checkbox.gif (229 bytes)Number or percentage of batteries reused

Checkbox.gif (229 bytes)Number or percentage of batteries sent for disposal

Checkbox.gif (229 bytes)Number or percentage of rechargeable batteries procured

Checkbox.gif (229 bytes)Dollars saved in procurement and disposal costs using rechargeable batteries.

Using this information, the facility can establish and measure its progress toward these goals.

There are several qualitative topics which could be assessed during a typical progress measurement session. These topics include program costs and perfor-mance, employee participation, benefits realized and problems experienced, recycler service and performance, and other topics which the facility deems appropriate. When evaluating the program’s progress, you should consider the following questions.

Checkbox.gif (229 bytes)What percentage of employees who use batteries are participating in the program?